101年第1學期-5051 社會學理論 課程資訊
|Class Participation and Discussion||30|
|Weekly Issue Memos/Handouts Prepared for Class Presentation||40|
|Handbook of Core Concepts||30|
Course Description and Objectives
Sociology is the development of systematic knowledge about social life, the way it is organized, how it changes, its creation in social action, and its disruption and renewal in social conflict. Sociological theory is both a guide to sociological inquiry and an attempt to bring order to its results. Sociological theory is not simply a collection of answers to questions about what society is like. It offers many answers, but it also offers help in posing better questions and developing inquiries that can answer them. Like all of science, thus, it is a process. It is always under development, responding to changes in our social lives and to improvements in our sociological knowledge.
In most colleges and universities, sociology students who study social theory read texts by Marx, Weber, and Durkheim. These three nineteenth-century European social theorists are considered to have formulated many of the fundamental themes of sociology. They achieved several of sociology’s most distinct approaches and central concepts. Each of these thinkers was contributing to a common intellectual enterprise, what can be termed as the discovery of society. They responded in divergent ways to a shared historical context, which included the rise and transformation of Western society in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The aftermath of the French Revolution, the industrial revolution, the emergence of the market, and European colonialism opened up social, economic, and cultural opportunities and problems previously unimaginable, from the possibilities of more complex types of social organization (capitalism and socialism) to a novel type of culture based on rationality, social participation, and individualism rather than tradition.
Books Recommended for Purchase
Giddens, Anthony. 1971. Capitalism and Modern Social Theory: An Analysis of the Writings of Marx, Durkheim and Max Weber. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Marx, Karl. 2007. Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844. New York: Dover.
Marx, Karl. 1998. The Communist Manifesto: A Modern Edition. London: Verso.
Eagleton, Terry. 2011. Why Marx Was Right. New Haven：Yale University Press
Durkheim, Emile. 1982. The Rules of Sociological Method. New York: First Press.
Weber, Max. 2001.The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. London: Routledge.
Weber, Max. 1949. The Methodology of the Social Sciences. New York: First Press.